Geography and More



Distance Between Major Moroccan Cities

Morocco, situated on the northwestern tip of Africa, covers a land area of 710, 850 square km, including the Western Sahara. The Kingdom is bordered by Algeria on the east, by Mauritania on the south, by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, and by the Atlantic Ocean on the west. Morocco is separated from Spain by the ten-mile-wide Straight of Gibraltar. The climate is mild near the coasts and arid in the interior. The country enjoys rich fishing grounds off both the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts.
Morocco is slightly larger than California and Oregon combined. Approximately 710,000 sq. km (about 275,000 sq. miles of which forms the Western Sahara). Coast length: 3500 km (both Atlantic and Mediterranean).


Morocco has a Mediterranean climate, warm on the coast, continental in the interior and arid in the South. Rain falls mainly in coastal areas from November to March. The Mountain areas have cooler climates.

Annual average temperatures in the major cities are as follows: Rabat, 71F; Casablanca, 69F; Marrakech, 71F; Ouarzazate, 64F; Fes, 66F; Meknes, 68F; Tangier, 66F.


Mountain Chains: Highest peaks in meters

– Rif Jbel Tidghine 2,465
– Middle Atlas Jbel Bounaceur 3,326
– Jbel Bouiblane 3,190
– High Atlas Jbel Toubkal 4,165
– Jbel Mgoun 4,071
– Jbel Ayachi 3,747
– Anti-Atlas Jbel Aklim 2,531.

Major Rivers 

Rivers Sources Length in Km:

– Draa High Atlas 1,200
– Oum Rbia Middle and High Atlas 600
– Sebou High Atlas, Rif 500
– Moulouya Middle and High Atlas, Rif 450
– Tensift High Atlas 270
– Ziz High Atlas 270
– Bouregreg Central Massif 250

Learn more about Morocco:

Moroccan Culture | Moroccan Language | Suggested Morocco Packing list