Exploring the Heart of Morocco: A Journey into the Rich Cultural Tapestry and Diverse People of the Kingdom

14.12.2023 09:12 PM

People of Morocco

The people of Morocco offer a fascinating blend of cultures, ethnicities, and traditions, reflecting the country's rich history at the crossroads of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East. Understanding these aspects can greatly enrich the experience of travelers exploring Morocco through Our tours.

Demographics and Ethnic Makeup

As of 2023, Morocco's population is approximately 37.8 million, with a median age of 29.3 years. The fertility rate is 2.3 births per woman, and the life expectancy is 75.2 years, indicating a stable and growing population. Notably, 65.9% of Moroccans live in urban areas, with Casablanca, Rabat, and Fes being some of the largest cities​.

Ethnically, most Moroccans identify as Arab-Berber, a blend that has evolved over centuries of intermingling. There's also a significant Black Moroccan population, primarily descended from former slaves and labor migrants from sub-Saharan Africa. Despite some discrimination, their cultural influence is significant, especially in the music and arts scenes. A small but important Jewish Moroccan community still exists, along with large groups of Amazigh (Berber-speaking) Moroccans, Sahrawis, and immigrants from various regions.

Cultural Influences

Moroccan culture is heavily influenced by its Berber roots. About 30% of the population is of pure Berber heritage, with the vast majority having some Berber ancestry. Berber groups, such as the Drawa, Shilha, Riffia, and Sanhaja, have distinct languages and customs but identify collectively as Amazigh, meaning "free people"​........

The country's history of colonization by France and Spain has left lasting impacts in language, architecture, education systems, law, art, and cuisine. Moroccan Arabic is infused with French and Spanish words, and immigrants from Africa have introduced new art, music, and dance styles.

Religion and Spirituality

Islam is the predominant religion, with most Moroccans being Sunni Muslims. There's a small minority of Shia Muslims and followers of Sufism, known for its sacred poetry and mysticism. Christianity and Judaism also have a presence, especially in larger cities

Customs, Traditions, and Cuisine

Morocco is known for its hospitality and cultural blend. Traditional Moroccan weddings are elaborate, vibrant celebrations of unity and love. Traditional clothing varies based on the occasion, with djellabas for casual wear and more elaborate attire like caftans and takshitas for formal events.

Moroccan cuisine reflects centuries of trade and conquest, blending sweet and savory flavors, a tradition dating back to Ancient Roman cuisine. Dishes like Tajine, Couscous, Pastilla, and Harira embodyregional influences and ancient cooking traditions.

Music and Arts

Moroccan music is diverse, reflecting its multi-ethnic background. Traditional genres like Gnaoua, Berber, Rai, and Andalusian music have seen a revival. Andalusian music, dating back to the 9th century, is considered Morocco’s classical music and is played on special occasions, while Chaabi music is more popular and festive, often played at weddings and parties​.


The people of Morocco, with their rich ethnic diversity and cultural heritage, offer a unique and vibrant experience for travelers. Their traditions, cuisine, and music not only reflect the country's historical depth but also its dynamic present.

Brahim Jounh